In order to rapidly improve the health status of the people en masse, the Government of Bangladesh has been implementing a comprehensive package of reforms in the Health and Population Sector. In the latest Health and Population Sector Program (HPSP), the targeted coverage of the Sector has been substantially expanded. The magnitude of health services to be devoted per person has been increased, and the measures have been proposed to drastically enhance the quality of services. Implementation of new plan requires huge amount of resources for the sector, the only way to increase the coverage and improve the quality of services is to intensively utilize the existing facilities and allocate the resources to the sectoral activities more efficiently. Increased allocative efficiency of resources requires, on the other hand, imparting regular training in training in health economics to the managers and professionals of the sector and carrying out research on health economic issues.
The Government has increasingly felt the need for training of the personnel of the sector and conducting research in health economics, and started sending officials abroad to study health economics. It later became evident that the cost of overseas training of each person is so high that the government wills not b able to train the required number of personnel using the small amount of fund received from the donors. In such a situation, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW) approached the University of Dhaka to establish an Institute to offer post-graduate degrees and conduct training programs in Health Economics and carry out research on health economic issues. As a result, the Institute of Health Economics (IHE) was established in the University of Dhaka in July 1998 with the financial support of the Department for International Development (DFID), and the University of Dhaka.
To establish an academic within the University of Dhaka for teaching and training in order to develop, strengthen and build up capacity of the health sector professionals, academicians, and health service managers, and for organizing and conducting practical policy-oriented research for the Sector.
- To provide professional degrees in Health Economics.
- To train health sector personnel on Health Economics, Health Policy, Health Care Management, and Health Systems.
- To identify policy-relevant health economics/ systems research and projects.
- To assist Government of Bangladesh in review and formulation of policies, analysis of the health systems, and advise government and semi-government organizations on health sector issues.
- To develop links with national and international agencies and organizations engaged in the development of and research for health and population sector, particularly those addressing health economics, health systems, health care management, and policy issues in order to strengthen the Institute’s capacity for research and training in health Economics.
- To undertake research and studies on health economic issues sponsored by public and private organizations independently or in collaboration with national or international organizations.
Activities of the Institute
- To run undergraduate programs
- To run post graduate degree programs
- To run M. Phil and Ph.D. programs
- To carry out research, provide consulting service assistance to health sector, and
- To develop an Information Resource Centre
Governance and Management
The functioning of the Institute is governed by a Board of Governors. The Board of Governors comprises of distinguished personalities from the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, the University of Dhaka and other Organizations. It is chaired by the Vice Chancellor of the University.
The overall academic policy matters are decided by the Academic Board of the Institute. The day to day academic activities are carried out by the Academic Committee composed of all the faculty members, and the Co-ordination and Development Committee deals with the administrative issues. The Director of the Institute is responsible for overall management.
The faculty members have research and teaching experiences in the fields of Health Economics, Economics, Applied Econometrics, Health Care Management and Operations Research, Public Health, Research methods and Epidemiology.
A number of guest faculty members who are mostly from different departments of the University of Dhaka, ICDDR,B, NIPSOM and Health Economics Unit of the MOHFW, are also associated with the Institute. Some visiting scholars from the reputed international universities and organizations are also invited at the institute as guest lecturer.